Lecture 21 Potential Exam Questions

1. What are the different kinds of food procurement?

2. What is Fallow/Crop ratio and its relationship between fallow/crop ratio and agricultural intensification?

3. What is the difference between hunting & gathering, pastoralism, and animal feeding?

4. What is the definition of domestication and when did it first occur?

5. What is shifting, or swidden, cultivation and how does it differ from land use change?

6. What inputs can be used to increase the productivity of land?

7. What were some of the key factors of the Green Revolution?

8. What is the difference between previous "green" revolutions and the upcoming genetic one?

9. Name 2 major innovations for farming in the 19th Century and explain their importance in the agriculture revolution.

10. What are three benefits of infield/outfield farming?

11. Give three benefits of crop rotation.

12. What is the difference between extensive growth and intensive growth with agriculture?

13. What does ground up oyster shells provide to land?

14. Give some examples of non-food crops.

15. Name three "revolutions" in agriculture and their approximate time frames.

16. Describe the concept of Genetic Engineering and provide an example of how it is currently being used.

17. Please explain what is driving deforestation in Indonesia, Malaysia and other developing countires and why it would be difficult to stop this.

18. Define Sustainable Development

19. Which came first, population growth or agriculture growth?

20. How is the green revolution an example of intensification?

21. Why is intensification through pesticides likely to lead to ecological problems?

22. How does agriculture fit into the theory of the Sixth Extinction (lecture 23)? Consider the theory of carrying capacity as a limiting factor and effects of mechanization and intensification.

23. Explain the concept of an “agricultural system” with a specific pre-industrial example and explore how 19th century industrialization changed the game.

24. Explain what the phrase “intensity breeds greater intensification” means as it relates to agricultural production. (Hint: think about feedback loops)

25. What propelled the 1940-1970s’ Green Revolution and what have been its lasting legacies?

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