Lecture 24 Potential Exam Questions

1. Explain the purpose and two types of a Terrestrial System Model (Lumped-parameter and Individual-based).

2. What are the benefits and challenges of creating and using dynamic and coupled ecological models?

4) What does the “missing sink” refer to in regards to Carbon? What are the implications in terms of calculating terrestrial carbon sinks?
When you add up the measured carbon emissions and sinks in the terrestrial system and aquatic system, they do not add up, there is a missing terrestrial “sink”. Therefore, the value of the terrestrial carbon sink needs to be “backed into” – calculate emissions, calculate atmospheric storage, and calculate ocean uptake. The remainder is the terrestrial sink.
5) Bonus Current Events Question: What are the 4 things Yvo de Boer, the executive secretary of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), is calling essential for Copenhagen?
1. How much are the industrialized countries willing to reduce their emissions of greenhouse gases?
2. How much are major developing countries such as China and India willing to do to limit the growth of their emissions?
3. How is the help needed by developing countries to engage in reducing their emissions and adapting to the impacts of climate change going to be financed?
4. How is that money going to be managed?

3. Explain the concept of “stabilization wedges,” why they are important, and in what differing forms they can come?

4) What does the “missing sink” refer to in regards to Carbon? What are the implications in terms of calculating terrestrial carbon sinks?
When you add up the measured carbon emissions and sinks in the terrestrial system and aquatic system, they do not add up, there is a missing terrestrial “sink”. Therefore, the value of the terrestrial carbon sink needs to be “backed into” – calculate emissions, calculate atmospheric storage, and calculate ocean uptake. The remainder is the terrestrial sink.

5) Bonus Current Events Question: What are the 4 things Yvo de Boer, the executive secretary of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), is calling essential for Copenhagen?
1. How much are the industrialized countries willing to reduce their emissions of greenhouse gases?
2. How much are major developing countries such as China and India willing to do to limit the growth of their emissions?
3. How is the help needed by developing countries to engage in reducing their emissions and adapting to the impacts of climate change going to be financed?
4. How is that money going to be managed?

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